Liability for violation of quarantine will be increased: a fine of up to 300,000 rubles and imprisonment for up to 7 years
“The State Duma just passed a law, they call me and ask me: if we go out on the streets now, they can put us in prison for 7 years?” Senator Sergey Lisovsky tried to get clarification on the special regime. The Federation Council on the eve of the extraordinary plenary session approved more severe penalties for violation of quarantine in the conditions of the coronavirus.The maximum fine is 300,000 rubles, and if the violation causes infection and death of people — a criminal penalty of up to 7 However, as witnessed by the correspondent of Realnoe Vremya, the main topic of the meeting was the approval of a package of anti-crisis measures in the economy.
“There is no rush, of course”
Putin’s sweeping “anti-virus” package of initiatives resulted in changes to 15 federal laws. They were presented by Deputy Speaker of the Upper House Nikolay Zhuravlev, who represents the Federation Council in the operational seat of government to fight the coronavirus. The package includes the regions’ proposals to prevent the deterioration of the economy. Changes are made to the law on the protection of territories from emergencies, on fundamental guarantees of electoral rights, on the bases of tourism, on insolvency, on the circulation of medicines and others, listed Nikolay Zhuravlev . The main goal is to achieve stabilization of the economic situation under conditions of high readiness.
“There is no rush, of course. There is a synchronized and operational work of the executive and legislative authorities,” explained Valentina Matviyenko. “We are ready to do everything quickly, to adopt a strict and fast approach.
The main innovation is that the government has the power to introduce a high alert or emergency situation in the country. In this case, the subject manager has the authority to establish rules of conduct when entering a high alert or emergency mode.
“This is introduced for the first time,” said Andrey Klishas, chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation.
According to him, the state authorities of the subjects will determine the mandatory rules of behavior of citizens in conditions of high alert or emergency. “Based on Article 55, paragraph 3 of the Constitution and the decision of the Constitutional Court, restrictions on rights and freedoms fell within the exclusive competence of the Russian Federation,” he said.
A new form of guilt due to negligent acts
At the same time, liability for violation of the quarantine regime is strengthened at the federal level. These measures have two objectives, explained Andrey Klishas. First, criminal liability for quarantine violations is introduced. According to him, there is a “new form of guilt due to negligence”. If previously they were liable to criminal prosecution in the event of negative consequences, they are now liable to criminal prosecution in the event of negligent death. Stricter accountability means the culprit can face up to 7 years in prison for breaching quarantine if two or more people are infected and die as a result of their actions. If the violation of sanitary and epidemic rules resulted in a massive infection, but no one died, you may incur a fine or restriction of freedom for up to 3 years.
Secondly, the Code of Administrative Offenses establishes new penalties for violation of the rules of conduct in case of emergency or threat of occurrence. If the quarantine regime is violated under pain of spreading the disease, a fine of 15,000 to 40,000 rubles is imposed instead of the previous 500 rubles for individuals. For officials — from 50,000 to 150,000 rubles. If the offense caused damage to health or death, but does not contain signs of a crime, then the amount of the penalty will be 150,000-300,000 rubles for citizens.
If I get out, will they put me in jail?
“The State Duma just passed a law, they call me and ask me: if we go out on the streets now, they can put us in prison for 7 years?” Senator Sergey Lisovsky launched the debate. “Everywhere they talk about compliance with sanitary and epidemiological rules… People don’t always understand what they have broken, but it’s been so long! He called on senators and local authorities to think about “how these rules will be brought to attention”.
Senator Akhmat Salpagarov is also concerned about this topic. He asked how those who work in continuous production or in the life support system can protect themselves from the penalties of this law. “They should probably have special passes so they don’t fall under the law,” he explained.
He was supported by Federation Council Chairwoman Valentina Matvienko, noting that the nuances of this law should be explained as precisely as possible by lawmakers. “Senators ask me, when will we get our passes? I gave them an example. It has been posted on the Internet that the most popular passes are the 5 thousand ruble note. Just in case you should have it with you,” she joked, admitting that there’s no need to overdo it. On the other hand, the decree of the mayor of Moscow is published everywhere , but people still violate it, get sick themselves and infect others.” In this case, we are talking about special situations. But ignorance of the law does not exempt you from your responsibility. “
Large companies want to test employees on the spot
Another anti-crisis measure could be the lifting of the ban on the import of test systems for determining the coronavirus in Russia. Large companies can start testing employees on site without stopping production. During the plenary session, the President of the Federation Council, Valentina Matvienko, asked to prepare an address to the government with a proposal to remove the restrictions: “Heads of large companies and representatives of companies are coming out. They’re very worried that we have a ban on importing various test systems, they’re worried about their workers, the big factories, that they can’t test. Our test systems are still not enough. They are asking for the ban to be lifted, they are ready to buy these test systems for their own money and carry out regular tests on the workers, ”she told representatives of the Ministry of Economy of the Federation. from Russia. Matviyenko suggested making a “blacklist”. of all business proposals and to make decisions based on them that would make life easier for business people and minimize the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic.
“To produce masks, you have to have a license. Is it possible for this period to quickly make a decision and withdraw the [requirement] for a license for the most necessary things that should be produced?” Matviyenko urged to take more courage and responsibility. “Fragrance companies are ready to produce disinfectants, but they do not have permission to work with ethyl alcohol. those stupid things, you have to take them away with the simple stroke of a pen every day,” the speaker added.
In response, Deputy Minister of Economy of the Russian Federation Alexander Khersontsev said that in the near future the licensing regime will change. “This law provides for the amendment proposed by the ministry, which makes it possible to change very quickly many authorization schemes under current conditions. The Minister [of economic development] was instructed today to submit proposals to the government with a plan to pass all government acts under this law within a week,” he said.
Deferred rent payments and penalties for housing and utility debts
In addition, the set of anti-virus measures includes deferred rent payments, features of regularization and payment of penalties for incomplete payment of housing services and utilities by citizens, and contributions for major repairs. The government has the right to make a decision to fully reimburse the cost of a tourist product to tourists from the tour operator’s personal liability fund in the event of restrictions on the entry and exit of tourists.
“But this must exclude the situation where unscrupulous people, those who raise food prices for no reason, would start taking advantage of this situation because of the coronavirus,” Matvienko warned. “Or those who want to undo their accumulated problems. It should be We stopped a law here that we tried to pass under the pretext of coronavirus. But everything that is rational and supports the economy will be taken into account, ”a- she concluded.
By Luiza Ignatyeva. Photo: Council.gov.ru